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SPILL-SORB BIO-REMEDIATION / DEGRADATION


THE PROBLEM:

Hydrocarbons in/on soil; from the level of a fresh spill to saturation over years of exposure.

  • The hydrocarbons (oils) render the soil contaminated and unfit for any form of agricultural production.
  • Hydrocarbon exposure for extended periods of time in the soil may see the product leeching down to the water table causing further environmental problems.


THE SOLUTION:

Bio-Remediation; the breakdown of Hydrocarbons to their natural compound state…
Carbon / Hydrogen / Oxygen / Water / etc.

  • In order for Bio-Remediation/Bio-Degradation to occur in an effective manner, the following elements must be present:
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Enzymes (Produced from Microbes/Bacteria)
Oxygen (Air)
Water
Heat (Light)
Nitrogen (Urea/Fertilizer Food)
Spill-Sorb® (The host)

 




SOIL is used for four reasons. It is plentiful, it is environmentally friendly, it contains the microbes and bacteria that aids the bio-remediation process, and soil is the most useful tool we have on hand for bio-remediation/degradation “farming.”

 

 

enzymes

ENZYMES are produced during the reproductory stages of the bacterium/microbe cell where they release/secrete enzymes which act like acids that attack and break down the long hydrocarbon chain.

BACTERIA/MICROBES are always in soils, however adding additional quantities into the “farming” process will speed up the bio-remediation process considerably. To achieve effective reproduction of these cells to produce the necessary enzymes, the five essential elements of oxygen, water, heat, nitrogen, and
Spill-Sorb, must all be present.

 




OXYGEN in the air is vital for the micro-organisms to become active. In sealed containers, or in hard-packed earth, metabolism will not occur until oxygen is introduced. This is done by opening the container or tilling the soil.

 


WATER is necessary for the reproduction of the microorganisms .

 

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HEAT from the sun is a prime requisite for bacterial and microbial reproduction.
The enzymatic performance, reproduction, and working of the bacteria and microbes is directly related to the temperature; the hotter the better.

 





NITROGEN in the form of a commercial fertilizer or urea must be present, or added. Bacteria is autotrophic, and in conjunction with the nitrogen, metabolic synthesis occurs, where the carbon in the oils is food for the bacterial enzyme and is converted back to its original structure, that of the tetravalent element, carbon. 

 


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SPILL-SORB®  is nature’s host, carrying agent, or medium, used to:
  • ENCAPSULATE the free flowing, floating, in-ground, or previously spilled, hydrocarbons,
  • CONTAIN the spill to a specific area,
  • ARREST further leeching of the hydrocarbons into the soil, or groundwater below,
  • USED AS the medium for conveying a hydrocarbon spill from any location to the “land-farm” site.
  • ACTS as a bed for the soil, bacteria/microbes, oxygen, water, heat, and nitrogen while the reproduction of enzyme takes place, and…
  • NURTURES the soil so as to leave it. more serviceable after bioremediation than it was prior to “land farming” the spill.

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Bio-remediation is combining the above so that the enzymes produced break down the long hydrocarbon chain into its original, and environmentally safe, elements.

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LAND FARMING THE SPILL

The time span and the quantities of ingredients needed for the bio-remediation process to once again leave the soil arable is dependent upon:

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  • The spill size,
  • Contaminates & concentration of hydrocarbons present,
  • The soil condition,
  • Temperatures, and
  • The frequency of farming (tilling) the soil.

GENERAL METHODOLOGY:

1. DETERMINE the contaminated area and its outer limits.

2. SPREAD Spill-Sorb over the contaminated area starting with the outer area first. This will stop any migration and leeching of the pollutants.

3. START by using 1/3 of a cubic metre of Spill-Sorb to each square metre of contaminated area.

4. ADD 1/12 cubic metre of nitrogen fertilizer to each square metre of contaminated area (1– 4 ratio to Spill-Sorb).

5. BACTERIA/MICROBES may be added at this time – or – you may pre-mix them with the Spill-Sorb in advance.

6. TILL this bio-remediation combination into the contaminated soil.

7. MONITOR the area to insure that all the hydrocarbon liquids have been encapsulated thoroughly by the Spill-Sorb. If the mixture is still dark, add sufficient Spill-Sorb (with proportions of nitrogen and bacteria/microbes) until the colour, turned or tilled, becomes light brown.

8. TOP-DRESS the area with a few centimetres of Spill-Sorb to take advantage of any “wicking” action that may occur. The capillary attraction of Spill-Sorb to any un-encapsulated hydrocarbons will now ensure that they become completely absorbed.

9. AFTER a few days add water to soak, and till again.

10. MONITOR the area for the next 3 to 6 months.

frmma042.JPG (26980 bytes) 11. TILLING exposes the buried hydrocarbon/peat mixture to the heat, and will save time in completing the Spill-Sorb BIO-REMEDIATION/DEGRADATION PROCESS, leaving the previously contaminated area ready for cultivation.

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